SWAT team marks an elite tactical unit in various law enforcement agencies. SWAT stands for Special Weapons And Tactics They are trained to perform high-risk emerging domain features when regular police officers can’t. The duties and tasks of members of SWAT teams include: the release of hostages and anti-terrorist operations, the implementation of high-risk arrests and search, arrests of barricaded suspects and interception of heavily armed criminals. SWAT teams are often equipped with specialized firearms including vending machines, assault rifles, shotguns, a weapon to control the masses (riot weapons), stun grenades, sniper rifles. They have specialized equipment including heavy chain-mail, ballistic shields, weapons for attacks, armored vehicles, night vision and optics, motion detectors for determining the position of a hostage or hijackers in closed structures.
The first SWAT team was formed inspector Daryl Gates in the Los Angeles Police Structure Police, 1968. year. Since then, many American and Canadian police forces, especially in the major cities and the federal and state levels of government, have established their own elite units under various names. These units, in addition to its formal name, in recognition of the global carry SWAT name.
SWAT teams and their tasks
Tasks of SWAT teams include:
Securing the perimeter against sniping
Providing superior offensive power in certain situations, such as when a suspect is barricaded
Rescue officers and civilians under fire
Resolving high-risk situations with minimal losses, injuries, or damage to infrastructure
Resolving situations involving barricaded subjects (specifically covered by the team hostage and barricade)
Stabilize the situation involving high-risk suicidal subject
Implementation of arrest warrants and search warrants
Providing additional security at special events
Special silent operation with silenced weapons
Featured events SWAT teams
First significant appearance of SWAT team occured on 09th December 1969th in Los Angeles (SWAT LAPD) in the 4-hour confrontation with members of the “Black Panther”. Pantera eventually delivered, with three violations “Panther” and three policeman. 1974th The SWAT is generally amicable as the need for the city of Los Angeles and the district’s.
In the afternoon, on 17 May 1974th part of a group Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA), heavily armed guerrillas, barricaded in residence at 54th Street Compton Avenue in Los Angeles. Millions of people have followed the siege by live transmission via the small screen and radio, and this crisis been a top issue in the newspaper a few days later. Negotiations have begun with barricaded suspects several times, before and after SWAT thrown tear gas. Police did not open fire until the SLA had not opened fire with automatic weapons and semiautomatic. SLA members fired 3772 bullets. No one from citizens or police officer was not injured. All invaders inside were killed in action.
During the shooting, there was a fire inside the residence. The official cause of the fire is unknown, but police sources speculated that one of the shots hit Molotov cocktail made by the suspects. Another thundering to constantly throw tear gas, which has a function of burning chemicals at high temperatures, has contributed to the development of the fire. All six attackers suffered multiple wounds from firearms.
At the time of the SLA shootout, SWAT teams were reorganized into teams of 10 people, each team consisted of two subsoil of 5 people named element. Each “element” had a leader, two strikers, Boy Scouts and the last keeper. They were armed with one sniper rifle, two semi-automatic rifles and two shotguns. SWAT officers also carried revolvers in shoulder holsters. Standard equipment included a first aid kit, gloves and a gas mask. At a time when officers are longer revolvers with a capacity of six bullets and shotguns were significant changes they are armed with semi-automatic rifles. Confrontation with heavily armed members of the SLA, sent a SWAT team in the continued use of bulletproof vests and automatic weapons of all kinds.
The massacre at Columbine High School in Colorado on 20 April 1999th was another specific event for SWAT teams and police. As stated in the article, the Christian Science Monitor’s “Instead of waiting to come on the scene by members of SWAT teams, the regular police should provide training and weapons to make on-site performing actions involving incidents with the use of deadly force by the suspects.”
Article was later revealed that the patrol officers began to get guns, and heavy chain-mail and ballistic helmets, equipment that is traditionally associated with SWAT teams. The idea is to equip and train patrol officers to be able to provide a rapid response to an active situation associated with gunfire. In these situations, is no longer acceptable to be close to the area and are waiting for SWAT teams.
As an example, the instructions for the conduct of police in Minneapolis, says, “The members of the Minneapolis Police, should be familiar with the fact that, in many situations, an attacker who shoots innocent lives are lost in the first minutes of the incident. In some situations, this dictates acitivities quickly to save lives. “