Alpha Group (Alfa), also known as Spetsgruppa “A”, is a special unit within the Center for Special Operations of the Russian FSB. Alpha’s are the most famous special force in Russia, founded in 1974. They are the guards of the Russian state and its security, the most powerful unit in the country and among the main forces that have ensured the Olympics in Sochi.
The main task of the Russian unit Alpha is the fight against terrorism and terrorist groups, their arrest and liquidation, as well as solving the most complex hostage situation in the hijacked planes, buses, trains, and the protection of important people, objects and events.
Administration”A”- has five departments , and the administration” B ” has four departments. The department is a permanent unit consisting of an assault group of 30 people. All duties in the operative-fighting departments are officer’s. Commander of Alpha group is a officer of the rank of general, and the selection of personnel for the unit Alpha is performed by the most stringent criteria for anti-terrorist unit.
Training and selection
The candidates for special unit Alpha are aged between 22 and 27 years, while the older and more experienced, veterans of many actions, remain in management positions, working as instructors in the logistics services. Every registered candidates, officers from the police, special units of the army, who have already undergone certain training facilities, including specialist courses, but on the selective course they are all equal, and all of them automatically start from scratch. The candidate must have a university education, must be physically prepared, mentally and physically healthy and that possess high moral and volitional qualities. Time for studying candidate takes more than a year in all segments of the training, and the decision on admission shall be made collectively.
To become a top professional and member of the Alpha unit, the candidate has to spend three years in training. During basic training, they pass a very strenuous phase of infantry training, parachuting, diving, sniper operations, practical shooting, they learn foreign languages and martial arts, studying the phenomenon of terrorism in Russia and the world, following other people’s experiences in the field of anti-terrorism. Operatives are organized into groups of 12 specials, which are divided into teams of four members, and the basic operation motto of their mission is : “Where Alpha appears, compromise stops.”
As a central anti-terrorist unit of the Russian state, which enjoys a special prestige and status, Alpha group provides security for leaders of Russia and foreign statesmen (VIP) while residing in the territory of Russia. Special unit Alpha passed through many great battles during the war in Chechnya, and was responsible for activities in all major hostage situations, which have shaken not only the Russian public, but also the world: Budenovsk, Kizljar-Pervomajsk, Dubrovka, Beslan.