The French Foreign Legion is a constitutional part of the French Army. The only difference between regular French army soldiers and legionnaires is that the legionnaires are exclusively foreigners. French Foreign Legion use the same weapons and equipment as the rest of the French army.
History of the French Foreign Legion
French Foreign Legion was founded by French King Louis Philip on the March, 10th 1831 and it was immediately sent out to take part in conquer campaign in Algeria. French Foreign Legion has since participated in all the wars of the French led, participated in the first and second world war.After World War II the Foreign Legion to include a large number of German troops. So after the second WWII. War in the foreign legion was even about 40% of Germans.
1945th He started the war in Indochina, which participates Foreign Legion, and there the whole of the French army filed a crushing defeat to the hell of war perished in a bunch of legionnaires. Legion fought around the world, Africa was often a battlefield, from Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Chad to the present peacekeeping missions.
Structure of the Foreign Legion
Today, the French Foreign Legion composed about 8500 soldiers, only men.
divided into 9 Regiment (Regiment) and one independent unit.
- First cavalry (armored) regiments (1st REC) stationed in Orange
- 1.regimenta (1 RE) (mainly administrative) stationed in Aubagne near Marseille (Headquarters legion)
- First the Engineering Regiment (1st REG) stationed in Laudunu
- Second engineer regiment (2nd REG), based in St Christol
- Second Infantry Regiment (2nd REI), based in Nimes
- Second Parachute Regiment (2nd REP) stationed on Corsica, in the regiment can only best legionaries.
- 3rd Infantry Regiment (3rd REI) stationed in France Gajan, in South America, it is the task of fighting with various smugglers and the protection of the European space center in Fr. Gajan
- 4th Regiment (4th RE), based in Castelnaudary the regiment used to train candidates, legionnaires.
- 13th semi Djiboutiju brigades stationed in Africa, it is the struggle for the various rebels and pirates in the Horn of Africa.
- and a unit legion is located near the islands of Madagascar, Mayotte (overseas possession of France)
Today, the French Foreign Legion participates in peacekeeping missions around the world. Legionnaires on missions in Chad, the Central African Republic, Lebanon, Afghanistan, Djiboutiju and French Guiana.
Recruiting foreign legion
is performed at 11 recruitment centers in France.
Candidate for Legionnaires must attend one of the recruitment centers in France with valid documents (passport and visa (if required for entry into FR.) Candidate should meet some basic requirements, namely:
age between 18 and 40 years,
Psychophysical ability that is checked as follows:
- Testing health status implies a complete health examination (as aspect of bones, flexibility, eye examination, hearing, blood and urine tests, etc.)
- mental health testing is done through two of them and tests intelligence test
- security check conducted Bureau Des Statistiques de la Legion Etranger – BSLE, popularly known as the Gestapo. The department legion you will undergo a constant stream of questions about your life before, about friends, school, motives entry into the Legion, misdemeanors or possibly criminal history. The department is surprisingly well-informed and, therefore, crushing not worth it, especially if you’re a good hustler.
- interviews (two interviews) occur most often with Caporal-chef (first) and major (second). They will ask you about your Motive joining the Legion.
- test of physical strength and endurance consists in Luc Leger test (run), 4 pull ups with palms outward, climbing rope from 5 feet and 40 sit-ups.
Once in the Foreign Legion to the toughest criminally, but today this is no longer the case, I can not get into the legion killers, rapists, and other serious offenders, but the legion of tolerating minor offenders.
Legionnaires in training new foreign legion
Applicants who meet these requirements, go to the 4-month training Castelnodary or in the jargon called Farm to the complexes which are suitable training, legionnaires.
On that train candidates to learn military skills, and raise their psycho-physical condition. after candidates successfully complete their training, they get a white hat, which proves that they have become real legionnaires, and will be deployed to the regiment they choose according to their performance in training.
the Legion there are a number of specialties (courses), and one of them must have every legionnaire, but every legionnaire has the opportunity to complete more courses, such as courses for drivers, cooks, snipers, strojničara operators antitank weapons …
Weaponry of French Foreign Legion
- basic gun license PAMAS picking 92 9mm, and 2 REP uses Glock 17
- basic rifle FAMAS rifle in 5.56 caliber, GCP ( a special unit within 2 REP) is used as the standard U.S. M4 carbine rifle. 5.56 mm
- Puškostrojnica FN Minimi 5.56 mm
- M2 heavy machine gun 12.7 mm
- Easy sniper rifle FRF2 7.62 mm
- Heavy sniper rifle PGM Hecate 2 12.7 mm
- Anti-tank weapons used by the legion of AT4 CS, Apilas, ERYX and missiles MILAN and MILAN 2
- AMX 10 RC light tank on wheels with a 105mm cannon.
- ERC 90 Sagaie light armored vehicle with a 90mm cannon
- AMX-10P armored personnel carrier for 8 passengers.
- VAB armored transporter easily for about 10 passengers.
- VBL light armored SUV
- VBCI Military armored infantry vehicle capacity of 9 passengers is currently being introduced into service, replacing the AMX-10P
- Peugeot P4 jeep unscreened.
- VLRA small truckload.
Famous former legionnaires
- Ante Gotovina-retired Croatian general.
- Milorad Ulumek aka Legija
- 1 Peter Karadjordjevic-Serbian king in the early years of the 20th st
- Frank Sinatra-American singer.
- and many other famous people, from politicians to entertainers over athletes.
3 surprising facts you probably didn’t know about the French Foreign Legion
The French Foreign Legion (French: Légion étrangère) (FFL; French: Légion étrangère is a military service branch of the French Army established in 1831. The Legion is unique in that it was, and continues to be, open to foreign recruits willing to serve in the French Armed Forces. However, when it was founded, the French Foreign Legion was not unique; other foreign formations existed at the time in France. Here are 3 surprising facts you probably never heard about.
Legionnaires who are wounded are granted automatic French citizenship
Though troops serving the Legion hail from 138 different countries, they can become French citizens eventually. After serving at least three years honorably, they can apply to be citizens.
But they also have a much quicker path: If they are wounded on the battlefield, they can become citizens through a provision called “Français par le sang versé” (“French by spilled blood”), according to The Telegraph.
The French government allowed this automatic citizenship provision in 1999.
The pay is terrible, and so are the benefits
Legion recruiters could easily steal the infamous U.S. Marine Corps recruiting poster with the slogan, “We don’t promise you a rose garden.” The pay is terrible, as are the benefits, but that doesn’t seem to matter. Despite the promise of a very rough life and the possibility of being sent to fight anywhere, thousands continue to show up each year.
Legionnaires can expect deployments to austere environments and/or see plenty of combat. The Legion is currently in Afghanistan and Mali, for example.
Their starting pay is roughly $1450 per month for at least the first couple of years in. That’s a pretty small paycheck compared to the lowest-ranking U.S. Army soldier making $1546, which is guaranteed to go up to $1733 after being automatically promoted six months later (if they don’t get in trouble of course).
There is at least one bonus to the Legion if you fancy yourself a drinker: There’s plenty of booze. Even in a combat zone, legionnaires are drinking in their off time, and their culture of heavy drinking would make any frat-boy blush.
More than 35,000 foreigners have been killed in action while serving with the Legion
Throughout its history, the French Foreign Legion — and the fighters who make up its ranks — were seen as expendable. The foreigners who continue to join do so accepting the possibility of their death in a far-off place, in exchange for a new life with some sense of purpose. But meaningless sacrifice has gradually become a virtue in itself, according to a Vanity Fair article about the Legion.
“It’s like this,” an old legionnaire told William Langeweische of Vanity Fair. “There is no point in trying to understand. Time is unimportant. We are dust from the stars. We are nothing at all. Whether you die at age 15 or 79, in a thousand years there is no significance to it. So f-k off with your worries about war.”
Can you really get a new identity if you join the French Foreign Legion?
Since its founding in 1831, the Legion has become the one place of escape for those with haunted pasts. Men with criminal records, shady business dealings, or deserters from their home country’s armies were accepted into the ranks, with no questions asked. Stripped of their old identity and given a new one, the new legionnaires are able to begin their new life with the slate wiped clean.
The French Foreign Legion is willing to let you join up under an assumed name. However, first you’ll have to tell them who you really are, and French police/intelligence services will do a check. If you’re wanted for something relatively minor, or let’s say running away from debts, they may overlook that and let you start a brand new life, with the possibility of acquiring French citizenship at the end of your service. But if they find that you’re wanted for murder, you can expect to be arrested and extradited.
The new name is just for administrative purposes and to give the legion plausible deniability if anyone comes asking about you.
Even if you take a new name (and the policy on requiring or not requiring a new name changes every couple years), you must be rectified so that you take back your real name (with a certified birth certificate from your home country with your real name) so that you can get credit for your courses and deployments and so on.
I have heard that you can’t deploy until you get rectified, OR that you won’t get credit for retirement for any deployments until you are rectified (someone serving can clear that one up). So, if you stay for a career it is essential to go back to your old identity. Some guys stay under an assumed name for years due to hiding from the law but those are rare cases and eventually, you need to go back to your old name if you want to go on deployments or stay until retirement.
The French Foreign Legion will still accept deserters and other minor miscreants, but it’s not as easy as it once was. New recruits are given a battery of physical, intellectual, and psychological tests before they even get any kind of training. Later on in the process, recruits are screened for “motivation” in order to weed out those who don’t have the drive to make it in the ranks.