The Bay of Pigs Invasion was an attempt in 1961(during the cold war) to remove Fidel Castro from power in Cuba. The CIA trained Cuban exiles and these exiles launched an attack in a bay called the Bay of Pigs.
A secret plan to invade Cuba was first developed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1960. But it wasn’t until 1961 when President John F. Kennedy, in his first three months in office, authorized the CIA to organize more than 1,400 Cuban exiles and launch an invasion of the island from Bahía de Cochinos, The Bay of Pigs in southwestern Cuba.
There were several conflicts that led to this; including a lack of promised air support and a change in where the landing was to be launched. This was one of many unsuccessful attempts by the CIA to rid Cuba of Castro. One interesting fact is that the plan was originally put in motion by Eisenhower, but the attack was ordered by John F. Kennedy who only found out about the plan after his election.
It was a disaster. More than 100 men were killed and 1,200 Cuban exiles captured in one of the most embarrassing missions in U.S. history.
The Bay of Pigs Invasion occured on 17 April 1961.