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Desert Patrol Vehicle (DPV)

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US Navy Seals operation Desert Patrol Vehicle (DPV) during Operation Enduring Freedom

The Desert Patrol Vehicle, also known as DPV, is a high-speed, lightly-armored sandrail-like vehicle first used in combat during the Gulf War in 1991. The earlier versions were known as formerly called the Fast Attack Vehicle or just FAV. Due to their dash speed and off-road mobility, the Desert Patrol Vehicles were used extensively during Operation Desert Storm. The first US forces to enter Kuwait City were United States Navy SEALs in their DPVs. The Desert Patrol Vehicle is currently operated only by SEAL teams assigned to the Middle East (earlier it was SEAL Team Three).

The original tests and preparations for such vehicle used commercial dune buggies modified to carry weapons such as TOW missiles and recoilless rifles. The problem with the recoilless rifles was about recoil because it still had enough power to flip the lightweight dune buggies and this idea was abandoned.

The TOW missiles had much greater success, but they violated existing Army TOW doctrine. The US Army had determined that a TOW missile needed a 3 man team to operate it. The Desert Patrol Vehicles could only carry a two-man crew and they seemed perfectly capable of operating the TOW, but this would have meant revisiting Army doctrine and possibly changing TOW deployment throughout the US Army. Fort Benning decided to offer a “superior” Desert Patrol Vehicle design that allowed a third crewman. This design was rejected by the HTLD team and was never produced.

The DPV is a variant of the Fast Attack Vehicle, which was developed during the 1980s as part of the United States Army’s High Technology Light Division (9th Infantry Division). The HTLD was given carte blanche to develop doctrine, decide force structure, and design equipment by then Army Chief of Staff Edward C. Meyer. One of the pieces of equipment created was the Fast Attack Vehicle. Chenowth delivered 120 Fast Attack Vehicles to the US Army in 1982. HTTB (High Technology Test Bed) in the units in the 9th Infantry were first to deploy these vehicles. Along with light off-road motorcycles, the FAV was intended to provide a highly mobile component to the mostly foot infantry unit.

Eventually, the Fast Attack Vehicles were replaced by High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs) in general military use, which did not provide nearly the speed nor extreme off-road capabilities of the FAVs. FAVs were transferred to special forces use where it has been largely replaced by the Light Strike Vehicle.

us navy seals in kuwait gulf war - Desert Patrol Vehicle (DPV)

US Navy SEAL at the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait City in a Desert Patrol Vehicle the Gulf War

The basic weapons on a Desert Patrol Vehicle consist of a heavy .50 caliber M2 Browning machine gun, two lighter 7.62×51 mm M60 machine guns, and two M136 AT4 anti-armor weapons. In some cases, the driver’s M60 or the gunner’s M2 is replaced with a 40 mm Mk 19 grenade launcher. Other light machine guns such as the M240 machine gun or 5.56×45 mm M249 SAW can also be mounted, also as many other types of weapons.

These special purpose vehicles intended for special operations forces were recognized as exotic vehicles and were featured in many Hollywood movies through years.

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Special vehicles

Yagu – An Ultralight Special Ops Armored Vehicle

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yagu special ops armored vehicle - Yagu – An Ultralight Special Ops Armored Vehicle

Plasan unveiled today it’s all-new, lightweight protected vehicle – Yagu at Expo Seguridad event in Mexico City this week. In fact, Plasan transformed the 767 kg commercial Arctic Cat Wildcat 4 1000 four-seat all-terrain vehicle into a 1.48-ton (dry weight) fully-protected assault vehicle.

The vehicle is designed to behave like an All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) but offers its crew of three persons the all-around 360 ballistic protection at a level of B6+ (similar to STANAG 4569 Level II) effective against 5.56X45, 7.62X39 and 7.62×51 threats. WIth front and side windows and all-round cameras the protected capsule provides excellent situational awareness and response, using an overhead ultra-light remotely operated weapon, that mounts a 5.56 or 7.62 machine gun and EO sensors operated by the crew from within the air-conditioned, armored capsule. The vehicle can also be equipped with a drone launching system, that can operate airborne for 27 minutes. With automatic target tracking features the drone provides enhanced situational awareness for the crew.

The air-transportable Yagu is positioned to meet the needs of special operations, border patrols, urban warfare as well as special missions in crime-fighting, where light and agile platforms are required. According to Plasan, Yagu provides such high protection level at an exceptionally low weight. As its outdoors sibling, Yagu can move on rocky and muddy terrain, on sand dunes and in forest environments, climbing extreme sloping roads. In urban scenes Yagu’s compact size comes handy, as it is able to move through narrow passages (its width is merely 162 cm), crossing jammed or blocked roads on sidewalks and stairs.

yagu 1 - Yagu – An Ultralight Special Ops Armored Vehicle

One of the Yagu advantages is the use General Robotics Pitbull – an ultralight remotely operated weapon station, integrating hostile fire and anti-drone, ‘point and shoot’, and remote control functions. Photo: Plasan

Even with full armor, three fully equipped troops and 350 kg payload (a gross vehicle weight of more than five tons!), Yagu maintains a power/weight ratio in excess of 53 HP/Ton, thus maintaining much of the agility and mobility of the Wildcat. The platform retains the original 1000 H2 V- Twin, S0HC 4 – stroke, 4 – valve w/EFI 951cc engine with electronic fuel injection, coupled to an automatic transmission with HI/LO gear, 2 or 4 wheel drive and the long-travel front and rear suspension used in the original Wildcat. To support the added weight and improve mobility, Yagu uses bigger tires (28 X 10r14 instead of the civilian version’s 26x9R14 and 26x11R14).

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How U.S. Special Operations Forces Get Their Armored Pickups

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us special operations forces vehicles - How U.S. Special Operations Forces Get Their Armored Pickups

U.S. special operation forces don’t just ride around in any old truck. Their unique vehicles, which may appear normal from the outside, are anything but usual. A new video emerged on YouTube which shows how one company takes civilian pickup trucks and SUVs common in combat zones and turns them into undercover rides for the CIA, Delta Force, Navy SEALs, Green Berets and other operators. The vehicles are stripped down and then built back up again with special mission equipment and up to a ton of armor plating, all of it nigh invisible to the untrained eye.

Vehicles and SUV like Toyota Hilux pickup trucks and Series 70 Land Cruisers are extremely common in the Third World, often used cast-offs from wealthier Western countries and Japan. The difference between a Toyota Land Cruiser driven by a SEAL and by a local warlord, however, is about 3,500 pounds of hidden equipment, including armor, reinforced struts and suspension, tactical equipment, and an electrical system that can drive high power electronics.

Battelle, an applied sciences and technology company based in Columbus, Ohio has put out a video explaining how it turns ordinary vehicles into extraordinary ones. According to the company, it’s been creating what it calls “non-standard commercial vehicles” since 2004.

Battelle sources Toyota Hilux pickup trucks and Toyota Land Cruiser sport utility vehicles, as well as Ford Ranger pickups as a baseline to create their “non-standard” vehicles. As part of the design process, Battelle company creates CAD models of the models they modify. It also stripped them down to understand how the parts interrelate, and how modifying one part of the truck could impact another—and the truck as a whole. Adding nearly two extra tons that permanently reside on the vehicle makes a Toyota Hilux that weighs 8,500 pounds stock. Out in the field, that new vehicle will routinely carry an extra ton of people, weapons, and supplies across dangerous territory.

us special forces in syria - How U.S. Special Operations Forces Get Their Armored Pickups

US special forces soldier with Hilux truck. Taqba, Syria, 2017. (Photo: Getty Images)

The vehicles are stripped down and individual parts modified with the new equipment. Battelle company outfits vehicles with about a ton of extra armor, slipped between the vehicle frame and interior, out of sight and out of mind. (Interestingly, the video is intentionally blurred when the cabin roof armor is installed.) For doors, that means bullet-resistant glass and armor plating.

Other major upgrades are carefully hidden under vehicle interiors. The electrical system also appears to be upgraded to handle power draws such as satellite radios, land navigation and tracker systems, long-range surveillance system, and other equipment. A steel push bumper, designed to encourage other vehicles to get out of the way, is hidden behind the face bar. Holding it all up are beefier shock absorbers and springs and a reinforced metal frame. Although the video doesn’t mention it, a 2016 report mentions the vehicles are also fitted with run-flat tires designed to keep them rolling even with tire damage.

In 2016, Battelle company won a $170 million contract from U.S. Special Operations Command to build up to 556 Non-Standard Commercial Vehicles. That comes out to $305,000 per vehicle—a pretty good deal for an armored workhorse that can blend in with local vehicles.

US soldier with armored vehicle - How U.S. Special Operations Forces Get Their Armored Pickups

US Soldier in front of armored SUV (Photo: Getty Images)

One of the places where these vehicles have been deployed was Syria, in the fight against the Islamic State. Several photos of U.S. special operations forces standing conspicuously near Toyota Hiluxes and Toyota Land Cruisers have filtered out, some with curiously blue-tinted windows, a tipoff that the glass is armored, and the exact same model roof rack Battelle company mounts on their modified vehicles.

Perhaps not surprisingly the Islamic State itself used similar vehicles, particularly Toyota Hiluxes, to the point where the U.S. Department of Treasury was investigating how terrorists got their hands on so many of them (brand new models).

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