Navy Sea, Air, Land (SEAL) training is approximately 71 weeks from entry into Navy Recruit Training (8 weeks), completion of Naval Special Warfare Preparatory School ( 8 weeks), Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training (24 weeks), Navy Special Warfare Parachute Course (5 weeks), and SEAL Qualification Training (26 weeks), for a grand total of a little over 16 months of training to earn the Special Warfare insignia (SEAL “Trident”). Navy SEALs may eventually receive foreign language and advanced specialty training, however enlisted SEALs all have the Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC) Code (equivalent to an Army MOS Code) of 5326, “Combatant Swimmer (SEAL) and the Navy enlisted rating of “Special Warfare Operator” vice a discrete specialization within Navy special operations.
All Army SF troops are ground combat specialist NCOs, senior NCOs, and officers who in addition to foreign language and culture specializations are qualified trainers, instructors, advisors, and leaders in their second language, who specialize in five primary missions: unconventional warfare (the original and most important mission of Special Forces), foreign internal defense, special reconnaissance, direct action, and counter-terrorism. Navy SEALs are sailors with extensive dive experience, parachute qualification, and ground combat training, who specialize in conducting small-unit maritime military operations that originate from and return to, a river, ocean, swamp, delta, or coastline.
Before the war on terror started SF soldiers came from the ranks of the 75th Ranger regiment and other infantry units within SOCOM where they had to be sure that the SF recruits were mature and had a long-term commitment to stay in and preferably with combat experience. The SF medics course was 18 months, I don’t know how long the other SF subspecialty courses(commo, heavy weapons, small arms) are but they are no less thorough. Today the army lets men join SF directly after basic training, which IMO is a mistake.
SEAL members do a lot of on the job training and serve a probationary period after they are assigned to a unit, so they can be dismissed at any time after BUDs. In a nutshell, SF is considered teachers first and force multipliers; SEALs are trigger pulling killers first with their first priority the assigned mission.