The Navy Seals Team Six (ST6) is an elite special operations team in the US Navy. They are a Tier 1 Special Missions Unit, also known as Development Group (DEVGRU). It is a special operation forces unit capable of conducting a wide range of operations. They have participated in the most known and unknown special operations. They are responsible for the raid that led to the death of most wanted terrorist ever, Osama Bin Laden. They also captured Radislav Krstic, a suspected and later convicted for the massacre at Srebrenica during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. They also detained a dictator Manuel Noriega. They participated in Somalia raids on Mohamed Farah Aidid and that operation appeared in Holywood movie named “Black Hawk Down.
Osama bin Laden, the leader of the notorious al-Qaida and main arranger for the terrorist attack on America on September 11th, 2001, was killed by the elite anti-terrorist unit DEVGRU (Seal Team Six, ST6). He was off the radar for more than ten years. The operation codenamed Operation Neptune Spear has become one of the most publicly recognized special operations missions in U.S. history.
They are widely known as Navy SEAL Team Six, and later renamed as the United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group – or abbreviated DEVGRU. They are under the command of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Special Operations (JSOC), the secret elite group that coordinates anti-terrorism and other security missions around the world. Besides ST6, a group also using Delta Force unit and 24 U.S. Air Force squadrons. They have become publicly known as the Tier 1 units.
They are stationed at Pope Air Force Base and Fort Bragg in North Carolina. The JSOC was established in 1980, a year after an unsuccessful rescue hostage from the U.S. embassy in Tehran during “Operation Eagle Claw” (“Eagle Claw”).
In the coming years, a special unit in charge of anti-terrorist operations in all environments is put into operation under the name SEAL Team Six. The SEAL Team Six name is used to confuse the Soviets, because at that time there were only three Navy SEAL teams, not as the name suggests at least six.
During 1987, the SEAL Team Six was renamed into the United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group or just short DEVGRU.
While DevGru units, as well as details about its military operations, shrouded in mystery, it is believed that its members are carefully selected from the remaining SEAL teams, and the rest of the Navy. With merciless training through which members of SEALs (an acronym for the conditions in which the unit executes the missions- Sea, Air and Land) are driven through, DevGru candidates have to overcome additional special anti-terrorist techniques – and all this before the final rigorous selection.
According to the website GlobalSecurity.org, a unit currently has about 200 operators, as well as 300-plus specialists for the development of special equipment and weapons.
Despite the fact that every day they risk their lives, and their “office” is situated on most dangerous hostile locations around the world – from the hot-humid jungle to desert, DEVGRU operators are not exactly fabulous paid. If it is to believe in the announced data from the Ministry of Defense, their annual salary is about 54,000 U.S. dollars per year, which is the same professors in America, as ABC News writes.
In October 2010. The DEVGRU again changed its official name, but it is still not known to the public.
Although most of the military operations carried out by DEVGRU are confidential, though few of their activities is revealed and confirmed the public, such as the recent attack on the fortified complex secrets of Osama bin Laden in the Pakistani city of Abbottabad and raid on Al-Shabaab terrorist group in Somalia. Here is some of confirmed Covert Ops perfordmed by Navy Seal Team Six – DEVGRU
Confirmed covert operations DEVGRU:
Operation Urgent Fury (1983)
SEAL Team Six participated in the invasion of Grenada after the October 1983rd Communists took over the small island state situated on the southeastern Caribbean Sea. Four members of the SEALs killed in the mission when landing from helicopters into the sea. The unit was responsible for rescuing governors Scoona Paul, who was under house detention awaiting execution.
Operation (Just Cause) (1989)
Members of the unit Delta Force assisted DEVGRU and other special units, are responsible for the arrest of the dictator Manuel Noriega during the U.S. invasion of Panama in December 1989.
Operation Pokeweed (1990)
DEVGRU in 1990. He returned to Panama to catch Colombian drug boss Pablo Escobar. The operation was considered, failed due to an error of the intelligence services.
Operation Desert Storm (1991)
In the days before Desert Storm, they swam around in SCUBA gear disarming anti-ship mines in the Persian Gulf, and then when the war started they were fast-roping onto Kuwaiti oil platforms, wiping out the Iraqi defenders and re-taking the positions before the enemy could set fire to them.
The Battle of Mogadishu (1993)
DEVGRU operatives participated in the international military operation “Gothic Snake” led by the Americans, whose aim was to capture Somali warlords Mohamed Farrah Aidid in October 1993. The operation culminated in a fierce battle in the streets of the Somali capital city, later described in the book “Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War,” in which the film was shot.
The hunt on war criminals in Bosnia (1998)
After the war in the former Yugoslavia, Seal Team 6 – DEVGRU was sent on a mission to Bosnia to capture indicted war crimes and brought them to justice in The Hague. One of DEVGRU “victim” was a general of the Republic of Serbian Radislav Krstic, responsible for the massacre at Srebrenica in 1995. year, the first person is convicted by the ICTY for genocide in a sentence of 46 years.
An attempt to rescue Linda Norgrove (2010)
In October 2010. DEVGRU operatives led the attack on the Taliban in Afghanistan Complex. Their task was to save the kidnaped member humanitarian organizations – Škotkinju Linda Norgrove, but she died during a rescue from the effects of injuries after the explosion of hand grenades. Later the investigation, it was determined that Linda found herself in the midst of the line of fire, and threw the fatal grenade was one of the operatives DEVGRU. A few weeks later, the U.S. media have reported that several members of the unit disciplined for concealing the circumstances of humanitarian died.
The conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq (2001-present)
DEVGRU operatives have played a number of important roles in the conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, and their targets were the key figures of the Taliban and al-Qaida. They worked closely with the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Operation Neptune Spear – the killing of Osama bin Laden (2011)
Mainly responsible for the terrorist attack on New York and Washington on September 11th, 2001. , the leader of al-Qaeda Osama bin Laden, after ten years of successful running and hiding from the justice, was killed in a carefully planned action. He was shot in the forehead during a raid. The whole action lasted only 40 minutes, and an unfortunate helicopter crash (apparently due to a fault) was nearly ruined operation. Ultimately killed or arrested 22 people, all members of Seal Team 6 survived the mission.
Al-Shabaab raids in Somalia (2013)
Navy seals launched a daring night-time raid in Barawe but were forced to retreat an hour later without their target. They were after the foreign fighter commander. The suspected foreign fighter commander is named Ikrima, a Kenyan of Somali origin about whom little is known. The official said Ikrima is associated with two now-deceased al Qaeda operatives who played roles in the 1998 bombing of the U.S. embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, and the 2002 attacks on a hotel and airline in Mombasa, also in Kenya. They killed his two bodyguards but didn’t manage to capture or kill him.