The CZ 75 pistol was first introduced in 1975 as a military-style weapon produced for commercial sales throughout the world. It was produced in the Czech Republic by the Ceska Zbrojovka company. It is, by far, the best gun manufacturer to come out of the former Soviet Union or communist block. They’re on par with HK, SIG, and any US manufacturer.
It is a company with a century or more history building quality firearms in eastern Europe. Even during the post-war years when Czechoslovakia was dpart of the Warsaw Pact CZ was producing its own very good designs.
CZ 75 uses the familiar Browning action of locked-breech in which the barrel has lugs above the chamber which engage in recesses in the slide; a shaped cam in a lump beneath the chamber moves across the slide stop pin during recoil, thus pulling the barrel down and withdrawing the lugs from the recesses, so freeing the slide to move to the rear and complete the extraction reloading cycle.
CZ 75 pistol differs slightly from the usual Browning design by having a deep-waisted frame and the slide guide rails on the inside of this section, so that the shallow rear portion of the slide moves within the frame.
The external hammer is cocked during the recoil stroke in the usual manner, but there is a double-action lock which permits firing the first round from a hammer-down condition. The safety is on the frame and merely locks trigger and hammer; there is no hammer-drop facility. The sights are fixed military patterns, and the foresight is rather small making deliberate shooting rather difficult.
Nevertheless, the CZ 75 pistol is accurate and consistent, and with adjustable sights fitted would make a reasonable competition weapon. The fit and finish are good and the double-action trigger movement is particularly effective. The pistol will accept practically any military or commercial ammunition without malfunction.
The thing is 99% of people, at least in the US, who aren’t gun people have never heard of Česká Zbrojovka. Of those who may have, probably three quarters would say, “A Czech gun? It’s got to be a piece of shit. How could it stand up to Colt (1911, from which it obviously takes its cues), S&W, Ruger, Glock? Give me the Glock 17 and let’s call it a day.” I know. I was one of them.
The fact is that a CZ could go up against a Glock all day, and likely come out on top. Yes, it requires slightly more care, as the frame is steel, not a polymer, so you have to oil it after you throw it in a lake, fish it out, and fire it. But that hefty frame, along with the internal slide design, makes for a 9mm with far less recoil than a current striker-fire plastic piece. Not knocking polymer striker-fired; I own several.
They’re way better for concealed carry, as you’d have to have some strange anatomy that would allow you to carry the full-size 75 without anyone noticing. But follow-up shots are almost effortless with the CZ in comparison to, say, a Glock, or even 1911.
CZ variants of the CZ 75 include dozens of the pistols designed and manufactured by Ceska Zbrojovka in the last 40 years, including:
- 75 Steel Full Size (CZ 75, CZ 75 B, CZ 75 BD, CZ 75 BD Police, CZ 75 B Omega…)
- 75 Compact (CZ 75 Compact, CZ P-01, CZ 75 SemiCompact, CZ P-06, CZ 40-B/Colt Z-40, CZ Z-40P)
- Sub Compact (CZ 2075 RAMI, CZ 2075 RAMI BD, CZ 2075 RAMI P)
- Competition (CZ 75 SP-01/SP-01 Tactical, CZ 75 SP-01 Shadow, CZ 75 Shadow 2, CZ 75 Standard IPSC, CZ 75 Tactical Sports, CZ 75 Champion, CZ 75 TS Czechmate)
- Polymer (CZ P-07 Duty, CZ P-09 Duty, CZ P-09 Kadet)
There are also newer and improved versions of CZ 75 in the form of CZ 85 and CZ 97 pistols.
During the years, the pistol was copied by many gun manufacturers around the world. Among the most known and popular derivatives of CZ 75 were also Tanfoglio TA 90, JSL Spitfire Mark II, and Sphinx AT-2000.
Technical specifications: CZ 75
|Manufacturer:||Ceska Zbrojovka a.s., Uhersky Brod, Czech Republic|
|Type:||locked breech, double-action semi-automatic|
|Caliber:||9 mm Parabellum|
|Barrel:||4.72 in (120 mm)|
|Weight (empty):||34.5 oz (980 gm)|
|Magazine capacity:||15 rounds|