Grupo de Operações Especiais (GOE) is a Portuguese special force unit, primarily formed for executing counter-terrorism tasks. Their job is to perform high-risk tasks. The Grupo de Operações Especiais, in fact, means Special Operations Group in Spanish. GOE is a special operations unit of the PSP (Public Security Police) of Portugal. Their origins are from 1982 when they become one of the first civilian counter-terrorism forces of the World.
During 1978, the plan started to work out as Quinta das Águas Livres was acquired. After that, the construction works of the infrastructures began. It was necessary to organize the instruction activities and to accommodate the distinct elements that would form a future operational group began. After the first plans were created, some elements of the 22nd Special Air Service Regiment (SAS) came to further GOE headquarters to train and start the formation of a police group able to conduct counter-terrorism missions.
The first COE – Curso de Operações Especiais (Special Operations Course) began on March 29, 1982. It ended on November 18, 1982, and with that, the GOE was considered to be totally operational and with an intervention capability since the end of 1982, although it was formally created in 1979.
First public pictures of the first GOE members were hard to distinguish, especially as a result of that approach between the British SAS and the Portuguese GOE. It was hard to track British and Portuguese members since their uniforms, equipment and weaponry were identical.
Today, as through history, GOE, still maintaining a strong relationship with the other world’s special operations units as British SAS, US Delta Force, Germany’s GSG 9, Spain’s Guardia Civil Anti-Terrorist units, Ireland’s Garda ERU, and Israeli Anti-Terrorist units. The number of active-duty members in Grupo de Operações Especiais (GOE) is approximately around 200.
As their primary task is marked domestic counter-terrorism and law enforcement. But, in recent years GOE was assigned on VIP protection missions for visiting dignitaries, co-operating with other PSP units in establishing security cordons, and, especially, as select snipers in missions of observation, search, and detection of terrorist snipers. In fact, GOE responsibilities are:
- Hostage rescue
- High-risk arrest warrants and searches
- VIP protection
- Embassy and diplomatic security in dangerous countries
- Evacuation of Portuguese citizens from war-torn countries
Another activity for which GOE is required is in co-operation with the Anti-Crime Brigades, where they are employed in surveillance missions and in the entry of fortified installations related to weapons or drug trafficking.
The unit is organized as follows:
- Support Services
- UEI (Unidade Especial de Intervenção) – Special Intervention Unit, consisting of:
- Three GOI (Grupos Operacionais de Intervenção) – Intervention Operational Group (1st, 2nd and 3rd), each commanded by an officer and includes 20 to 25 elements
- One GOT (Grupo Operacional Técnico) – Technical Operational Group (4th) responsible for instruction, handling explosives, police dogs, and other technical instruments, such as cameras and night vision devices.
- 1983 Turkish embassy attack in Lisbon
- 1997 defense of Portuguese embassy in Zaire
- 1998 defense of Portuguese Embassy in Guinea-Bissau
- 1999 rescue of French citizens held in a cultural center in Bissau
- 2008 Bank robbery with hostages in Lisbon
Weaponry and Gear
GOE members are issued various firearms to complete multiple mission occasions and tasks. For sidearms, they mostly choose 9x19mm Parabellum. Among them, firearms are issued such as the:
- Glock 17
- Glock 19
- SIG Sauer P226
- SIG Sauer P228
- SIG Sauer P230
- SIG Sauer SP2022
- Desert Eagle in .357 Magnum
Among primary weapons, Sub-machine guns and assault rifles are often deployed, like the Heckler & Koch MP5, FN P90, and Heckler & Koch G36 rifles in normal、compact and short variants are also stocked in the GOE armory, like some other weapons available as in other world special units. GOE snipers are issued with the Heckler & Koch PSG1 and SIG SG 550 rifles.