HS Produkt VHS-2: Croatian assault rifle for a new century

Eric Sof

croatian assault rifle hs produkt VHS
First version of Croatian assualt rifle VHS (Photo: XY)

The VHS-2 assault rifle manufactured by HS Produkt is the first multifunctional assault rifle produced in Croatia. It is a bullpup assault rifle chambered in a 5.56x45mm NATO caliber. It was first introduced at the 2007 IKA exhibition. IKA is a Croatian innovation display show in the city of Karlovac.

A new and improved version of the VHS rifle, known as the VHS-2, was introduced in April 2013.


The HS Produkt is a respectable Croatian company on the world scene as a weapon manufacturer. They became known for their immensely successful series of HS2000 semi-automatic pistols. HS2000 is a polymer-framed and striker-fired pistol. In the United States, the guns are sold by Springfield Armory, Inc., as the XD series, along with follow-on variants: XD-M, XD-S, and XD-E. The gun has become a service pistol for several law enforcement agencies in the US, including the FBI.

HS Produkt HS-9 Tactical
HS Produkt HS-9 Tactical from the HS2000 series (Photo: HS Produkt)

During the war in former Yugoslavia and the Croatian War of Independence, HS Produkt (then called IM Metal) started working on various infantry weapons. In 1992, the company created a bullpup variant of the Kalashnikov assault rifle chambered in 7.62mm caliber. It was an unsuccessful try because the gun had several flaws, partly caused by the limited technological capabilities of HS Produkt. It served a purpose with a valuable learning experience for the company. There was another shot with the Kalashnikov bullpup version a few years later. However, the results were still not satisfactory, and it was superseded by a design similar to the M16 rifle. More prototypes followed in 1996, 1999, and 2004.

Years of tryouts and experience led to the first multifunctional assault rifle manufactured in Croatia. The assault rifle was born under VHS’s name (Croatian: Višenamjenska Hrvatska Strojnica—”multifunctional Croatian machine gun”). The prototype was announced in 2004, while the next production model was presented to the public in 2005. The difference between the prototype and the followed model is more than 90%. The rifle externally was quite similar to the French FAMAS.

HS Produkt VHS-2 (K2) assault rifle chambered in 5.56mm NATO caliber
HS Produkt VHS-2 assault rifle chambered in 5.56mm NATO caliber (Photo: KS Produkt)

On November 19, 2007, the first experimental batch of 50 rifles was issued to the Croatian Army supporting the ISAF in Afghanistan. The rifles were supposed to be tested on the battlefield. More than 3,000 rifles were given to the Croatian Army for testing purposes in the next few years.

Finally, on May 12, 2009, Croatia’s Ministry of Defence confirmed the positive conclusions of a series of torture tests. On May 15, it officially signed a contract with HS Produkt to acquire 1,000 rifles (both variants). As of 2015, the Croatian Army uses 7,000 rifles of this model.


Despite the VHS-2 rifle visually resembling the French FAMAS rifle, they are very different. Both its functioning mechanism and disassembling mode are quite different.

The rifle is intended strictly for military and police use. VHS-2 can be used against enemy infantry and light armored vehicles. It uses the Bullpup principle in which the bolt action and magazine are located behind the trigger and alongside the shooter’s face. It is because there is no need for longer butt-stock as in conventional assault rifle designs. This allows the longer barrel to be fitted while the rifle’s overall length stays the same compared to the other assault rifle. The result is lower of the weapon and increased maneuver for the user, especially during transportation or in an urban environment.

HS Produkt VHS-D2 assault rifle
HS Produkt VHS-D2 assault rifle chambered in 5.56mm NATO caliber (Photo: HS Produkt)

In comparison to other assault rifles, VHS / VHS-2 is up to 25% shorter in length, while at the same time, its efficiency by muzzle velocity is 10% higher.

The rifle works as a gas-operated weapon. Its system is similar to the light machine gun Ultimax 100 from Singapore. The firearm can fit the VHS-BG grenade launcher under the barrel. The grenade launcher is chambered in a 40x46mm caliber.

Grenade Launcher VHS-BG chambered in 40×46 mm caliber
Grenade Launcher VHS-BG chambered in 40×46 mm caliber (Photo: HS Produkt)


The VHS assault rifle is available in two variants:

  • VHS-D rifle
  • VHS-K carbine

The VHS-2 assault rifle is also available in two variants:

  • VHS-D2 rifle
  • VHS-K2 rifle

The difference between VHS-D, VHS-D2, VHS-K, and VHS-K2 is only in the rifle’s overall length. VHS-D has a 500mm (20 in) barrel, while VHS-K Carbine has a shorter 410mm (16 in) barrel and an overall length of 665 mm (26.2 in).

Technical specification of VHS-D2

Caliber: 5.56×45 NATO / .223 Rem
Action: Gas-operated
Length: 800 mm
Barrel length: 500 mm
Weight: 3.9 kg
The rate of fire: 850 rounds per minute
Magazine capacity: 30 rounds, STANAG

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