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The army ranks in special forces are the same as those of regular military personnel in the U.S. Army. The regular ranks used in the U.S. Army hierarchy are also applied in the U.S. Army Special Forces (SF) also known as Green Berets.
Army ranks explained
Most Green Berets (about 7,000, divided into Special Forces Groups) are enlisted men who hod rank of E-5 to E-9 (from Sergeant to Sergeant Major). As mentioned above, the Green Berets’ lowest rank is E-5 (Sergeant), while theoretically, the highest rank in Special Forces is O-10. They are led by Army officers who hold the rank of O-1 to O-10 (Second Lieutenant to General).
The highest-ranking Green Beret officer would be the major general (two stars) commanding the U.S. Army Special Forces Command since he is the highest-ranking person actually commanding Special Forces. The next guy up the chain is Commander US Army Special Operations Command, a Lieutenant General (3 stars). But while he may be qualified as a Special Forces officer he is not directly in the Special Forces.
Inside the Special Forces are also a few Army Warrant Officers who rank as officers above the senior-most Enlisted but lower than a Commissioned Officer. The army ranks in Special Forces are present, despite when you like from aside, it looks like there is no ranks in the ODAs (Operational Detachment Alpha).
Positions in an A-Team
- The Commanding Officer and the Warrant Officer determine the best course of action to take throughout the mission and must be able to adapt and change plans as necessary. In addition to serving as the commanding officers of guerrilla and insurgent armies assembled by the A-team, they may also advise foreign leaders and officials.
- Intelligence and Operations Sergeants gather and analyze intelligence on conditions in foreign territories the A-Team occupies and on the enemy. They are also charged with outfitting the detachment with the supplies and equipment they need.
- Communications Sergeants are in charge of the sophisticated communications equipment the team carries. They are also the soldiers who relay any information gathered by the Intelligence Sergeants back to Special Operations Command (SOCOM). The Communications Sergeant may also be responsible for carrying out any Psychological Operations (PSYOP) related to broadcasting.
- Medical Officers are equipped to perform field surgery, set up hospitals, offer healthcare to local peoples, and care for the health needs of the detachment. In addition to the regular training each receives as a Green Beret, the Medical Officers receive an additional 10 months of medical training.
- Weapons Sergeants are trained not only in weapons used by the American military but are also experts in the weapons in use in their AO. They have the ability to train others, including armies assembled by the team, in weapon use.
- Engineer Sergeants plan the logistics of the mission. They serve as navigators and design needed structures in the field such as impromptu bridges. They are also trained in demolitions and sabotage.
|E-6||Staff Sergeant||SSG||Noncommissioned Officer|
|E-7||Sergeant First Class||SFC||Senior Noncommissioned Officer|
|E-8||Master Sergeant||MSG||Senior Noncommissioned Officer|
|E-9||Sergeant Major||SGM||Senior Noncommissioned Officer|
Special Forces Ranks: Officers, from Lowest to Highest
|O-1||Second Lieutenant||2LT||Junior Officer|
|O-2||First Lieutenant||1LT||Junior Officer|
|O-5||Lieutenant Colonel||LTC||Senior Officer|
|O-7||Brigadier General||BG||Flag Officer|
|O-8||Major General||MG||Flag Officer|
|O-9||Lieutenant General||LG||Flag Officer|
The letter and number represent the rank title and paygrade of the Special Forces personnel. It’s important to note rank is different from the paygrade and signifies the level of job duties and leadership responsibilities. Every Green Beret can further advance their careers by continuing education and through command and specialty opportunities.