Army Ranks in Special Forces (Green Berets)

US Army Special Forces operators are observing landing of the chopper
U.S. Army Green Berets, assigned to 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne), prepare to assault an objective during pre deployment training on Fort Carson, CO., June 22, 2017. Soldiers from 10th SFG (A) routinely train for situations found in combat operations. (Photo: U.S. Army)

The army ranks in special forces are the same as those of regular military personnel in the U.S. Army. The regular ranks used in the U.S. Army hierarchy are also applied in the U.S. Army Special Forces (SF) also known as Green Berets.

Army ranks explained

Most Green Berets (about 7,000, divided into Special Forces Groups) are enlisted men who hod rank of E-5 to E-9 (from Sergeant to Sergeant Major). As mentioned above, the Green Berets’ lowest rank is E-5 (Sergeant), while theoretically, the highest rank in Special Forces is O-10. They are led by Army officers who hold the rank of O-1 to O-10 (Second Lieutenant to General).

The highest-ranking Green Beret officer would be the major general (two stars) commanding the U.S. Army Special Forces Command since he is the highest-ranking person actually commanding Special Forces. The next guy up the chain is Commander US Army Special Operations Command, a Lieutenant General (3 stars). But while he may be qualified as a Special Forces officer he is not directly in the Special Forces.

The Army ranks in Special Forces (Green Berets) are the same as the ones in the other U.S. Army units
The army ranks in Special Forces (Green Berets) are the same as the ones in the other U.S. Army units (Photo: U.S. Army)

Inside the Special Forces are also a few Army Warrant Officers who rank as officers above the senior-most Enlisted but lower than a Commissioned Officer. The army ranks in Special Forces are present, despite when you like from aside, it looks like there is no ranks in the ODAs (Operational Detachment Alpha).

Positions in an A-Team

  • The Commanding Officer and the Warrant Officer determine the best course of action to take throughout the mission and must be able to adapt and change plans as necessary. In addition to serving as the commanding officers of guerrilla and insurgent armies assembled by the A-team, they may also advise foreign leaders and officials.
  • Intelligence and Operations Sergeants gather and analyze intelligence on conditions in foreign territories the A-Team occupies and on the enemy. They are also charged with outfitting the detachment with the supplies and equipment they need.
  • Communications Sergeants are in charge of the sophisticated communications equipment the team carries. They are also the soldiers who relay any information gathered by the Intelligence Sergeants back to Special Operations Command (SOCOM). The Communications Sergeant may also be responsible for carrying out any Psychological Operations (PSYOP) related to broadcasting.
  • Medical Officers are equipped to perform field surgery, set up hospitals, offer healthcare to local peoples, and care for the health needs of the detachment. In addition to the regular training each receives as a Green Beret, the Medical Officers receive an additional 10 months of medical training.
  • Weapons Sergeants are trained not only in weapons used by the American military but are also experts in the weapons in use in their AO. They have the ability to train others, including armies assembled by the team, in weapon use.
  • Engineer Sergeants plan the logistics of the mission. They serve as navigators and design needed structures in the field such as impromptu bridges. They are also trained in demolitions and sabotage.
U.S. Army Special Forces ODA ranks
3rd Special Forces Group. 2nd Batallion Charlie company. ODA 3236 (Photo: IMGUR)

Special Forces Ranks: Enlisted, from Lowest to Highest

E-5Insignia of a SergeantSergeantSSTNoncommissioned Officer
E-6Insignia of a Staff SergeantStaff SergeantSSGNoncommissioned Officer
E-7Insignia of a Sergeant First ClassSergeant First ClassSFCSenior Noncommissioned Officer
E-8Insignia of a Master SergeantMaster SergeantMSGSenior Noncommissioned Officer
E-9Insignia of a Sergeant MajorSergeant MajorSGMSenior Noncommissioned Officer

Special Forces Ranks: Officers, from Lowest to Highest

O-1Insignia of a Second LieutenantSecond Lieutenant2LTJunior Officer
O-2Insignia of a First LieutenantFirst Lieutenant1LTJunior Officer
O-3Insignia of a CaptainCaptainCPTJunior Officer
O-4Insignia of a MajorMajorMAJJunior Officer
O-5Insignia of a Lieutenant ColonelLieutenant ColonelLTCSenior Officer
O-6Insignia of a ColonelColonelCOLSenior Officer
O-7Insignia of a Brigadier GeneralBrigadier GeneralBGFlag Officer
O-8Insignia of a Major GeneralMajor GeneralMGFlag Officer
O-9Insignia of a Lieutenant GeneralLieutenant GeneralLGFlag Officer
O-10Insignia of a GeneralGeneralGENFlag Officer

The letter and number represent the rank title and paygrade of the Special Forces personnel. It’s important to note rank is different from the paygrade and signifies the level of job duties and leadership responsibilities. Every Green Beret can further advance their careers by continuing education and through command and specialty opportunities.

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