The Ruger Mini-30 resembles the M14 and M1 Garand, iconic rifles in American history. They are also considered one of the best guns ever produced, so Ruger decided to manufacture it in their mini versions. The Ruger Mini-14 and Ruger Mini-30 bring some classic imagery, especially the Mini-30 with 7.62×39 packed into its small (or mini) frame.
Ruger Mini-14 (also referred to as Mini Thirty) rifle was designed by L. James Sullivan and William B. Ruger. It incorporated numerous innovations and cost-saving engineering changes. The only thing that differentiates Mini-14 from Mini-30 is the caliber. Ruger Mini-30 is chambered for the Russian 7.62×39mm cartridge bringing a more manageable frame with all the stopping power you could want for hunting, target shooting, or home defense. The first Mini-30s were produced in 1987.
In the US, many states prohibit hunting deer with calibers smaller than 6 mm (.243 in), so Ruger used a 7.62.39mm cartridge because it has ballistics similar to the well-known .30-30 Winchester.
The Mini-30 rifle has an investment-cast, heat-treated receiver and is mechanically similar to the M1 rifle, with a self-cleaning, fixed-piston gas system. Initial rifles were produced with somewhat angular stocks, and heat shields were made of wood. These rifles were tooled and redesigned with serial number prefixes before 181 with new stock, a new bolt hold-open mechanism, and other minor changes.
Most Mini-30s selling those days have installed Picatinny rail and the option for integral scope mounts machined directly on the solid-steel receiver. It provides a stable mounting surface for included scope rings, eliminating a potential source of looseness and inaccuracy in the field.
Mini-30 Tactical Rifle
The tactical rifle was introduced in 2010. It closely mimics the Mini-14 Tactical Rifle variant, but in 7.62x39mm. It also has a shorter 16.12″ barrel with flash suppressor and is available with a standard fixed stock/fore-end or a collapsible ATI-brand stock with Picatinny rails.
The Mini-30 is available with a 16.12″ (Tactical Model) or 18.50″ barrel having a twist rate of 1:10″ RH and is sold with two 20-round or 5-round box magazines. Ruger does not currently produce 30-round Mini Thirty magazines. The Ruger Mini-30 shares many designs and accessory options with those of the smaller caliber Mini-14 Ranch Rifle.
Most users consider Ruger Mini-30 a reliable weapon with a low level of malfunctions. It can “chew” everything from cheap military surplus balls to meticulously crafted handloads, including cast bullet handloads. The Mini-30 is accurate, with its best loadings grouping 1.5″ at 100 yards. Like many 7.62×39 firearms, ammunition is a significant factor in accuracy. Most ammunition is slapped together for AK / SKS-type firearms where the function is the primary design goal, but a little handload development can yield satisfactory accuracy.
|Manufacturer:||Sturm Ruger & Co., Southport, CT 06490, United States|
|Type:||gas-operated, semi-auto, or selective fire|
|Barrel:||18.5 in (470 mm)|
|Weight:||7 lbs (3,17 kg)|
|Magazine capacity:||5, 10, 20, or 30 rounds|
|Cyclic rate of fire:||750 rounds per minute|
|Price:||$1319.00 (February 2022)|