Shayetet 13 is the elite unit of Israel’s Navy and they are equivalent to the U.S. Navy SEALs, except almost everything about them is classified.
The upheavals in the Middle East of recent years have created multiple challenges for the IDF (Israeli Defence Forces) and had a direct impact on ongoing operational activities – especially in special units such as Shayetet 13. Shayetet 13 does missions that require sea-to-land incursions and are the specialist unit in gathering maritime (via water) information. They do sabotage, hostage rescue and unfriendly boarding, and some counter-terrorism.
The secretive unit, whose name translates as Flotilla 13, was formed in 1949, shortly after the creation of the State of Israel. Their operators are often described as silent soldiers. Specialists in counter-terrorism and hostage rescue, its operators have played a major role in all of Israel’s subsequent conflicts, growing more skilled with time, as well as taking part in humanitarian campaigns, such as the airlift of Jews from Ethiopia. It is widely regarded as one of the world’s best elite special units.
The unit is one of the most secretive in the world and the Israeli military. The details of many missions and identities of active operatives are kept highly classified. The Shayetet 13 is compared to the US Navy SEALs and Britain’s Special Boat Service. Unlike many other Israeli Special Forces Units that take men only for their 36-month mandatory service, volunteers for Shayetet 13 must agree to service at least four and a half years (18 months over and above the normal commitment).
Unit’s Motto: “As the bat emerges from the darkness, As the blade cuts through with silence, As the grenade smashs in rage.” In addition the unit also referred to as “people of Silence”.
In the absence of an official conflict, IDF activity is based on what is referred to as “war between wars,” and the naval commando unit is undoubtedly one of the most influential factors in this arena. In the last year alone, Shayetet 13 has conducted numerous complex operations behind enemy lines, hidden from the eyes of the public. They often operating alongside Sayeret Matkal, another secretive IDF unit.
Both Shayetet 13 and Sayeret Matkal joined Operation Bulmus 6, Operation Spring of Youth and the assassination of Abu Jihad. Unlike other special forces, they always cooperate for one purpose rather than complete with each other. The joint operations by two elite units must be more than the three missions we know.
One tangible example of such missions came in 2014 when Shayetet 13 operators made headlines in Israel and all over the world following the capture of the Iranian weapons ship KLOS-C in international waters. All of the 10 operators we met took part in the operation, dubbed Full Disclosure. Impressive as it was, it was hardly the zenith in the careers of these veteran operators, who have taken part in operations the vast majority of us will probably never hear about.
Selection and Training
You must be very capable physically and mentally and have strong determination. Even if you do have all the above, it is still a very low chance because the IDF doesn’t let you choose your role in most cases, they put you in positions that they need you most in.
In fact, to become a member of Shayetet 13 you need to have this:
- Decent physical shape.
- Great mental strength.
- Enormous determination.
Naval commando operators endure one of the toughest training courses in the Israeli Defence Forces in their bid to win their coveted unit batwings insignia. The 20 months of training includes basic training with the Nahal brigade, further basic training at the unit’s central base in Atlit, which schools the troops in maritime warfare, and advanced training in combat diving, navigation, and Shayetet’s unique watercraft.
During their training, cadets train extensively in Krav Maga, a hand-to-hand combat system that is Israel’s national martial art. At the end of the course, operators are assigned “professions”, and each team specializes in one of three commando roles: diving, raids, or above water.
Even after their induction into active service, Shayetet 13 commandos continue to take part in training exercises and participate in cross-training with foreign special forces units such as the US Navy SEALs. The whole process of selection and training lasts for 20 months.
Weaponry and Equipment
The weaponry and equipment of the Shayetet 13 are not limited to the certain types and origins of weapons. Their operators can use a variety of weapons including Glock pistols, M4 Carbines, CTAR-21, M203 Grenade Launchers, M24, and SR-25 sniper rifles, Negev machine guns, and all other modern weapons and equipment used by Western units of similar type.